"The World and Japan" Database (Project Leader: TANAKA Akihiko)
Database of Japanese Politics and International Relations
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (IASA), The University of Tokyo

[Title] The 6th Informal Meeting on 'Further Actions against Climate Change' Co-chairs' summary

[Place] Tokyo
[Date] February 15, 2008
[Source] Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan
[Full text]

At COP13 in Bali, the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA) has been established. This informal meeting provided an excellent opportunity to exchange open and frank views on the negotiation of the future framework in an unofficial setting.

1. Perspectives of negotiation on future framework

Participants agreed that although the AWG-LCA's first meeting in Bangkok was intended only to set the work programme for the negotiating process, the tight schedule makes it desirable to begin discussing substance there. Various views were expressed concerning which building blocks might be better addressed first. Many participants pointed out that organizing workshops with input from outside experts would be useful for AWG-LCA.

2. Actions by developed and developing countries

Most of participants recognized the usefulness of sectoral approach. On the other hand, the importance of considering historical emissions was pointed by some participants. The long-term goal was noted to be helpful for the negotiation on mitigation commitments.

In order to achieve 50% reduction by 2050, many participants recognized the necessity of further actions by developing countries taking into account national circumstances and capabilities, in addition to the deeper reduction commitments by developed countries.

Many participants also stressed that climate change mitigation and adaptation projects in developing countries should contribute to development and poverty alleviation which are absolute necessities.

3. Assistance to developing countries

Many of developing country participants expressed the lack of sufficient financial resources, technologies and capacities for tackling with climate change.

Several participants presented ideas on major new funding programs on the scale of billions and tens of billions of US$ to facilitate technology development, technology deployment and sustainable development.

Different opinions have been expressed regarding the problems of intellectual property rights emerging in deploying technologies.

4. Other Processes

Parallel processes like the G8 summit, the Major Economies Meeting, and others were recognized as being very useful for developing political momentum and common understanding, and for keeping climate change near the top of the national agenda of participating countries. Participants shared a view that negotiations and decision making are the exclusive domain of the official UNFCCC process.

This summary was drafted under the responsibility of the co-chairs of the meeting, Ambassador Kyoji Komachi, Global Environmental Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and Director-General Luiz Alberto Figueiredo Machado, Department of Environment and Special Affairs of the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil.

The discussion took place on the understanding that the opinions expressed here does not necessarily reflect the positions of respective governments.