"The World and Japan" Database (Project Leader: TANAKA Akihiko)
Database of Japanese Politics and International Relations
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (IASA), The University of Tokyo

[Title] Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community (Treaty of Rome (EEC))

[Date] March 25, 1957
[Source] Modern International Relations: Basic Documents, Volume 1, Kajima Institute of International Peace, pp.665-669 .
[Notes] Signed : 25 March 1957
[Full text]

His Majesty the King of the Belgians, the President of the Federal Republic of Germany, the President of the French Republic, the President of the Italian Republic, Her Royal Highness the Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Her Majesty the Queen of the Nether lands,

Determined to establish the foundations of an ever closer union among the European peoples,

Decided to ensure the economic and social progress of their countries by common action in eliminating the barriers which divide Europe,

Directing their efforts to the essential purpose of constantly improving the living and working conditions of their peoples,

Recognizing that the removal of existing obstacles calls for concerted action in order to guarantee a steady expansion, a balanced trade and fair competition,

Anxious to strengthen the unity of their economies and to ensure their harmonious development by reducing the differences existing between the various region and by mitigating the backwardness of the less favoured,

Desirous of contributing, by means of a common commercial policy to the progressive abolition of restrictions on international trade,

Intending to confirm the solidarity which binds Europe and overseas countries, and desiring to ensure the development of their prosperity, in accordance with the principles of the Charter of the United Nations,

Resolved to strengthen the safeguards of peace and liberty by establishing this combination of resources, and calling upon the other peoples of Europe who share their ideal to join in their efforts,

Have decided to create a European Economic Community and to this end have designated as their plenipotentiaries :

[names of plenipotentiaries] (...)

Who, having exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed, as follows:

Part I Principles

Article 1 By the present Treaty, the High Contracting Parties establish among themselves a European Economic Community.

Article 2 It shall be the aim of the Community, by establishing a Common Market and progressively approximating the economic policies of Member States, to promote throughout the Community a harmonious development of economic activities, a continuous and balanced expansion, an increased stability, an accelerated raising of the standard of living and closer relations between its Member States.

Article 3 For the purposes set out in the preceding Article, the activities of the Community shall include, under the conditions and with the timing provided for in this Treaty :

(a) the elimination, as between Member States, of customs duties and of quantitative restrictions in regard to the importation and exportation of goods, as well as of all other measures with equivalent effect ;

(b) the establishment of a common customs tariff and a common commercial policy towards third countries ;

c) the abolition, as between Member States, of the obstacles to the free movement of persons, services and capital ;

(d) the inauguration of a common agricultural policy ;

(e) the inauguration of a common transport policy ;

(f) the establishment of a system ensuring that competition shall not be distorted in the Common Market ;

(g) the application of procedures which shall make it possible to co-ordinate the economic policies of Member States and to remedy disequilibria in their balances of payments ;

(h) the approximation of their respective municipal law to the extent necessary for the functioning of the Common Market ;

(i) the creation of a European Social Fund in order to improve the possibilities of employment for workers and to contribute to the raising of their standard of living ;

(j) the establishment of a European Investment Bank intended to facilitate the economic expansion of the Community through the creation of new resources ; and

(k) the association of overseas countries and territories with the Community with a view to increasing trade and to pursuing jointly their effort towards economic and social development.

Article 4 1. The achievement of the tasks entrusted to the Community shall be ensured

by :

- an Assembly,

- a Council,

- a Commission, and

- a Court of Justice.

Each of these institutions shall act within the limits of the powers conferred upon it by this Treaty.

2. The Council and the Commission shall be assisted by an Economic and Social Committee acting in a consultative capacity.

Article 5 Member States shall take all general or particular measures which are appropriate for ensuring the carrying out of the obligations arising out of this Treaty or resulting from the acts of the institutions of the Community. They shall facilitate the achievement of the Community's aims.

They shall abstain from any measures likely to jeopardize the attainment of the objectives of this Treaty.

Article 6 1. Member States, acting in close collaboration with the institutions of the Community, shall co-ordinate their respective economic policies to the extent that is necessary to attain the objectives of this Treaty.

2. The institutions of the Community shall take care not to prejudice the internal and external financial stability of Member States.

Article 7 (...)

Article 8 1. The Common Market shall be progressively established in the course of a transitional period of twelve years.

The transitional period shall be divided into three stages of four years each; the length of each stage may be modified in accordance with the provisions set out below.


Part Ⅱ Bases of the Community

Title 1 Free Movement of Goods

Article 9 1. The Community shall be based upon a customs union covering the exchange of all goods and comprising both the prohibition, as between Member States, of customs duties on importation and exportation and all charges with equivalent effect and the adoption of a common customs tariff in their relations with third countries.

2. The provisions of Chapter 1, Section l and of Chapter 2 of this Title shall apply to products originating in Member States and also to products coming from third countries and having been entered for consumption in Member States.

Article 10~Article 248 (...)