"The World and Japan" Database (Project Leader: TANAKA Akihiko)
Database of Japanese Politics and International Relations
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (IASA), The University of Tokyo

[Title] Joint Declaration between the USSR and Yugoslavia (Secretary-General Gorbachev's New Belgrade Declaration)

[Source] Modern International Relations: Basic Documents, Volume 1, Kajima Institute of International Peace, pp.794-797.
[Notes] Published in Pravda : 19 March 1988
[Full text]

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, proceeding from the long-term interests of the Soviet and Yugoslav peoples, declare their constant desire to improve cooperation, to enrich its content, to stimulate the further development of friendly relations between the two socialist countries, and to effectively further the creation of a safer and fairer world, have resolved to affirm in this declaration the principles and goals of mutual relations, as well as to set out views on basic problems of international relations and views on the way toward the creation of a nonviolent and nuclear-free world, in which the use or threatened use of force is ruled out and all

disputes are resolved exclusively by political means in a spirit of equality and for the sake of strengthening international peace, security, and progress.

1. The USSR and the SFRY emphasize the historical role and abiding value of the universal principles contained in the Belgrade (1955) and Moscow (1956) Declarations ; namely : Mutual respect for independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity, equality, and impermissibility of interference in internal affairs under any pretext whatsoever. Their consistent implementation played a key role in the normalization of interstate relations and the unfolding of all-around and stable cooperation. The sides will continue to adhere to these principles.

The USSR and the SFRY build and improve their relations on the basis of unconditional respect for the specific features of the ways and forms of their socialist development and for the differences in international positions.

2.-3. (...)

1. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the League of Communists of Yugoslavia assess highly the level of mutual relations achieved and consider them an important factor in stable, all-around Soviet- Yugoslav cooperation and the strengthening of friendship between the two countries' peoples.

They reaffirm their readiness to continue to develop and enrich the content of their relations, acting on the basis of the principles of independence, equality and noninterference, the responsibility of each party to the working class and people of its country, and. mutual respect for different ways of building socialism and for their international situation On this basis they will improve voluntary and mutually advantageous cooperation and constructive and comradely dialogue.

Consistent respect for the autonomy and independence of parties and socialist countries in defining their own paths of development made it possible to eliminate the factors that led to the conflict between the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and the Information Bureau in 1948. This is of great significance not only for mutual relations between the CPSU and the LCY, but also for the development and establishment of social- ism as a world process.

Proceeding on the basis of the conviction that no one has a monopoly of the truth, the sides declare their lack of any claim to impose their own ideas about social development upon anyone else whomsoever. The success of each of their paths to socialism is tested by sociopolitical practice and confirmed by concrete results.