"The World and Japan" Database (Project Leader: TANAKA Akihiko)
Database of Japanese Politics and International Relations
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia (IASA), The University of Tokyo

[Title] Charter of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization

[Place]
[Date] June 7, 2002
[Source] Modern International Relations: Basic Documents, Volume 1, Kajima Institute of International Peace, pp.645-649.
[Notes] Signed: 7 June 2008
[Full text]

The People's Republic of China. the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan being the founding states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (hereinafter SCO or the Organization),

(...)

Noting that the compliance with the principles set out in the Agreement between the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tajikistan on Strengthening Confidence in the Military Field in the Border Area of 26 April. 1996, and in the Agreement between the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tajikistan on Mutual Reductions of Armed Forces in the Border Area of 24 April, 1997, as well as in the documents signed at summits of heads of the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan in the period from 1998 to 2001, has made an important contribution to the maintenance of peace, security and stability in the region and in the world;

(...)

Guided by the provisions of the Declaration on the Creation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization of 15 June. 2001.

Have agreed as follows:

Article 1 (Goals and Tasks) The main goals and tasks of SCO are :

- to strengthen mutual trust, friendship and goodneighborliness between the member States;

- to consolidate multidisciplinary cooperation in the maintenance and strengthening of peace, security and stability in the region and promotion of a new democratic, fair and rational political and economic international order;

- to jointly counteract terrorism, separatism and extremism in all their manifestations, to fight against illicit narcotics and arms trafficking and other types of criminal activity of a transnational character, and also illegal migration ;

- to encourage the efficient regional cooperation in such spheres as politics, trade and economy, defense, law enforcement, environment protection, culture, science and technology, education, energy, transport, credit and finance, and also other spheres of common interest;

- to facilitate comprehensive and balanced economic growth, social and cultural development in the region through joint action on the basis of equal partnership far the purpose of a steady increase of living standards and improvement of living conditions of the peoples of the member States;

- to coordinate approaches to integration into the global economy;

- to promote human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the international obligations of the member States and their national legislation;

- to maintain and develop relations with other States and international organizations;

- to cooperate in the prevention of international conflicts and in their peaceful settlement;

- to jointly search for solutions to the problems that would arise in the 21st century.

Article 2 (Principles) The member States of SCO shall adhere to the following principles:

- mutual respect of sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity of States and inviolability of State borders, non-aggression, non-interference in internal affairs, non-use of force or threat of its use in international relations, seeking no unilateral military superiority in adjacent areas;

- equality of all member States, search of common positions on the basis of mutual understanding and respect for opinions of each of them;

- gradual implementation of joint activities in the spheres of mutual interest;

- peaceful settlement of disputes between the member States;

- SCO being not directed against other States and international organizations;

- prevention of any illegitimate acts directed against the SCO interests;

- implementation of obligations arising out of the present Charter and other documents adopted within the framework of SCO, in good faith.

Articles 3 (Areas of Cooperation) The main areas of cooperation within SCO shall be the following:

- maintenance of peace and enhancing security and confidence in the region;

- search of common positions on foreign policy issues of mutual interest, including issues arising within international organizations and international fora;

- development and implementation of measures aimed at jointly counteracting terrorism, separatism and extremism, illicit narcotics and arms trafficking and other types of criminal activity of a transnational character, and also illegal migration;

- coordination of efforts in the field of disarmament and arms control;

- support for, and promotion of regional economic cooperation in various forms, fostering favorable environment for trade and investments with a view to gradually achieving free flow of goods, capitals, services and technologies;

- effective use of available transportation and communication infrastructure, improvement of transit capabilities of member States and development of energy systems;

- sound environmental management, including water resources management in the region, and implementation of particular joint environmental programs and projects;

- mutual assistance in preventing natural and man-made disasters and elimination of their implications;

- exchange of legal information in the interests of development of cooperation within SCO;

- development of interaction in such spheres as science and technology, education, health care, culture, sports and tourism.

- The SCO member States may expand the spheres of cooperation by mutual agreement.

Article 4 (Bodies) 1. For the implementation of goals and objectives of the present Charter the following bodies shall operate within the Organization:

- The Council of Heads of State;

- The Council of Heads of Government (Prime Ministers);

- The Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs;

- Meetings of Heads of Ministries and/or Agencies;

- The Council of National Coordinators;

- The Regional Counter-terrorist Structure;

- Secretariat.

2. - 3. (...)

Article 5 - Articte 19 (...)

Article 20 (Languages) The official and working languages of SCO shall be Russian and Chinese.

Article 21 - Article26 (...)